Chronicles From the City Founding of Livius Titus, Book I

Chapter 1

Arrival of Aeneas and Antenor in Italy. Founding of Lavinium.

Now the first of all things sufficiently established is that after the Troy was captured, furies were excited against the remaining Trojans ; but the Achaeans abstained from every right of war against the two, Aeneas and Antenor, both by the right of ancient hospitality and because they were always promoters of peace and of the return of Helen ; and thereafter, by various occurrences, Antenor came to the inmost gulf of the Adriatic Sea with a multitude of Eneti, who were driven from Paphlagonia by revolt, and sought a home and a leader, since their king, Pylaemenes, was sent away to Troy, and after the Euganei were repelled, who dwelled between the sea and the Alps, the Eneti and the Trojans held those lands. The place to which they first went out is called Troy, and from this the name for the region is also Troy ; but the tribe as a whole was called the Veneti. Aeneas, in flight from his house by similar disaster, but to greater beginnings of affairs, as the fates led him, came first to Macedonia, and from there to Sicily, seeking the abode that was taken from him, and he held the territory from Sicily to Laurentian with his fleet. And the name for this place is also Troy. Thereupon Trojans went out, for they had nothing in any abundance, except arms and ships, due to nigh immeasurable wandering, and since they were taking spoils from the territories, the king Latinus, and the Aborigines, who occupied those places at the time, they rushed out together from their city and fields, armed and armored to hold off the violence of the intruders.

There is a two-fold report of this : some traditions say that Latinus, conquered in the battle, made peace with Aeneas, and then made an alliance by marriage ; but others say that while the readied battle-lines were standing together, before they sounded the signals, Latinus proceeded amidst the front ranks and called out the leader of the intruders for a conference ; and then having inquired as to who these mortals were, and setting out from what fallen house did they depart for the land of Laurentian, and seeking what, and after he had heard who the Trojan multitude were, that their leader, Aeneas was the son of Anchises and Venus, that they were fugitives from their house, their homeland consumed by fire, and that they sought a place to rest, for founding a city, he admired the nobility of the tribe and the spirit of the man, and equally ready for war or for peace, he offered his right hand and ordained a pact of future friendship. From this treaty established between the leaders, a salutation was made between the armies. Aeneas went to the house of Latinus for lodging ; there, Latinus, amongst his household gods, annexed a domestic treaty to the public one through his daughter, given to Aeneas in marriage. This matter assuredly fortified hope for the Trojans for a stable and certain abode at long last and an end to their wanderings. They founded a town : Aeneas called it by the name of his wife, Lavinium. There was soon male offspring from the new marriage, whom his parents named Ascanius.

Chapter 2

Aeneas is involved in war with the Rotulians and Estruscans. His apotheosis.

After that, the Aborigines and the Trojans were simultaneously assaulted by war. King Turnus of the Rutuli, to whom Lavinia had been promised before the arrival of Aeneas, enduring the preference of an intruder to himself with sickness, brought war simultaneously to Aeneas and Latinus. Neither of the battle-lines departed happily from that contest : the Rutuli were conquered ; the Aborigines and Trojan victors lost their leader, Latinus. From then on, Turnus and the Rutuli, made despairing by the affair, took refuge in the blossoming power of the Etruscans and their king Mezentius, who, at that time ruled the opulent town, Caere, and thereafter, from the very beginning was not in the least happy at the origin of a new city, since at that time he reckoned that the Trojan affair arose much more than would be sufficiently safe for her neighbors, he joined an arms alliance with the Rutuli with no reluctance whatsoever. Aeneas, facing the terror of so much war such that he won over the minds of the Aborigines, not only under the same law but also, so that they would all be known by one name, he called the other tribe Latins, too ; nor after that did the Aborigines yield to the Trojans in zeal and in trust with respect to Aeneas as their king. And depending on those souls of the two peoples daily growing stronger, Aeneas was stronger, although Etruria was made so great by the aid she received that the report of her name filled not only the lands but even the sea throughout the whole length of Italy, from the Alps to the Sicilian strait, yet, although he was able to repel war from his bulwarks, he led out an abundance to the battle-front. And following from that battle with the Latins, was also the last of the mortal deeds of Aeneas. And whatsoever is right by the laws of man or god to be said of him, he was laid down beyond the river Numicus : and they call him Jupiter Indiges.

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