The festival of Lupercalia. The arrest of Remus leads to the discovery of the twins’ parentage and to the slaying of Amulius.
Now, they say that at that time the Lupercal festival was, as now, held on the Palatium mount, and that the mount was named Palantium, from Pallanteum the Arcadian city, and thence Palatium : And there Evander, who was from that tribe of Arcas, occupied the place many seasons prior, and he ordained a rite, imported from Arcadia, that naked youths should race, venerating Lycaean Pan by sport and frolic, whom the Romans later called Inuus. And for those engrossed in the festival, since the rite was customary, the freebooters, angry for their lost spoils, laid in wait, and although Romulus, by his strength, defended himself, they captured Remus, and handed their captive over to the king Amulius, making audacious accusations. As the greatest charge, they offered that an attack was made against the lands of Numitor by these two ; that from these lands, having assembled a band of young men, they took spoils in a hostile manner. Thus was Remus consigned to execution by Numitor. Yet Faustulus had hoped from the very beginning that the offspring raised in his house might be royal ; for he knew that infants had been exposed by order of the king and that the time at which he had himself borne them up coincided with that event. But he had been unwilling for matter to be untimely revealed, except by an opportune moment or by necessity. Necessity came first. Compelled thus by fear, he revealed the affair to Romulus. By chance also for Numitor, since he held Remus under guard, and he had heard that they were twin brothers, in comparing both their age and their very nature, not servile in the least, a memory of his grandchildren touched his mind ; and by questioning, he arrived at the same conclusion, such that it was by no means a remote possibilty that he might recognize Remus. Thus from all sides, the king’s deception fastened around him. Romulus, with a cluster of young men—for he was not equal to open violence—but having ordered the shepherds to come by another way at a certain time to the palace, he made an assault against the king ; and Remus assisted from the house of Numitor by assembling another band. Thus he cut down the king.