Chronicles From the City Founding of Livius Titus, Book I

( We skip Chapter 10 in our readings. To summarize, the women are soothed but their parents make a fuss. Men of Caenina invade Roman territory. Romulus leads the Roman army out and they dispose of the invaders. The first Roman temple is dedicated to Jupiter. Everyone leaves the the surrounding farms to celebrate in the city. )

Chapter 11

The first Roman colonies at Antemnae and Crustumerium. The Sabines capture the Roman citadel through the treachery of Tarpeia.

When the Romans did these things, the army of the Antemnates, through the opportunity and the state of desertion made a hostile incursion into the Roman borders. The Roman legion was swiftly led against these men and overwhelmed those straggling in the fields. Their enemies, therefore, were scattered by the first attack and clamor, and the  town captured ; Romulus exulted in a twofold victory, but Hersilia, his spouse, beset by the entreaties of the abducted women begs him that he give pardon to their parents and receive them into the state ; thus the weal would be able to be united in harmony. It was easily granted. From there, he set out against the Crustumini, who were making war. There, it was even less of a contest because their spirits had been stricken by the disasters of the others. And colonies were sent to the two ; more were found who, on account of the fertility of the earth, would enroll their names for Crustuminum. And from that there was a migration to Rome in large numbers, largely by the parents and relatives of the stolen women.

The last war arose from the Sabines and it was by far the greatest ; for nothing was done by anger or desire, nor did they indicate war before they made it. Deceit was also added to design. Sp. Tarpeius presided over the Roman citadel, whose maiden daughter Tatius corrupted with gold so that she would allow armed men into the citadel ; she had at the time, by chance, gone outside the walls to seek water for a sacrifice. Allowed in, they killed the girl, crushed by their armaments, whether so that the citadel would more preferably seem to be taken by force, or for reason of setting an example, that nowhere would anything be certain for a traitor. A tale is added, that because the Sabines commonly had golden bracers of great weight on their left fore-arm and jeweled rings of great ornament, she had fixed upon what they had in their left hands ; to that end, their shields were heaped up for the girl instead of the golden gifts. There are those who claim that from a stipulation to hand over what was in their left hands, by arrangement, she sought their armaments and that, seen to act deceitfully, she was herself slain by her own fee.

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