Chronicles From the City Founding of Livius Titus, Book I

We pass over Chapters 13, 14 and most of 15. The Sabine women intervene between the two armies. Origin of the Quirites, the Thirty Curiae, and the Three Centuriae. Death of Tatius and war with the Fidenates. Defeat of Veientines.

Chapter 15

Popularity of Romulus among his soldiers.

6. These things in general, with Romulus ruling as king, were done at home and in war, of which nothing was believed incompatible with faith in a divine origin and divinity after death, not the spirit by recuperating in ancestral reign, not the plan of founding the city nor of strengthening it by war or peace. For by the strength given by this man, it flourished such that in the forty years afterward peace held secure. To the multitudes, however, he was more pleasing than the fathers, and much before any others, the most well-received in the minds of soldiers ; and he had three-hundred armed men for the custody of his person, whom he called Celeres, not only in war but also in peace.

Chapter 16

Mysterious vanishing of Romulus, who is believed by some to have joined the gods in Heaven.

With these immortal works accomplished, while he held an assembly for reviewing the army on the plain facing the marsh of Capra, a storm suddenly broke with a great crash and thunder and a cloud so thick it covered the king, such that it robbed sight from his assembly ; and Romulus was not thereafter present in the land. The Romen soldiery, once their panic was finally calmed, after  a serene and tranquil light returned from such a stormy day, saw there the royal seat vacant, and although they sufficiently trusted the fathers who were standing closest that he was abducted aloft by the storm, nevertheless just as of bereavement, although stricken by fear, they kept a sorrowful silence for some time. Afterward, following deeds done by a few in the beginning, the entirety hailed Romulus as born a god by a god, the king and parent of the city of Rome ; they implore for peace by entreaties, that he, willing and propitious, ever protect his progeny. I trust that there were then also certain silent people who would argue that the king was torn to pieces by the hands of the fathers ; for this story also spread, but is very obscure ; admiration of the man and the immediate panic made the former story famous. And also, by the counsel of one man, failth is said to be added to the affair. For Proculus Julius, with the state distracted by the loss of the king and hostile toward the fathers, being a weighty authority, so tradition holds, on any matter however great, came forward to the assembly. “Quirites!” he said, “Romulus, parent of this city, at today’s first light descended suddenly from the sky and met with me. Although bathed by terror and full of awe I stood before him, beseeching by entreaties that it be right by god law to behold him face to face, ‘Go and announce to the Romans,’ he said, ‘that the heavenly bodies wish that my Rome be head of whole world ; accordingly let them cultivate and understand warfare and and thus let them transmit to posterity that no human power can withstand the Roman army.’ Having spoken thus,” he said, “he departed aloft.” It is wondrous how much faith there was in this man announcing this, and how the loss of Romulus among the plebs and the army would be soothed by a faith fashioned of immortality.

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